Southern pig-tailed macaque - Wikipedia
Southern pig-tailed macaqueFrom Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Southern pig-tailed macaque
Southern pig-tailed macaque range
I. Geoffroy, 1826
(de Blainville, 1839)
southern pig-tailed macaque
), also known as the
pigtail macaque and
is a medium-sized
that lives in
. It is known locally as the beruk.
ContentsEtymology and taxonomy
, is an adjective (derived from Latin
, the god of groves) modified to agree in gender with the feminine
formerly included the
All four are now considered separate species.
can reach a weight of 5–15 kg in large males. These monkeys are buff-brown with a darker back and lighter lower parts of the body. Their common name refers to the short tail held semi-erect and reminiscent of the tail of a pig.
Macaca nemestrina at
, Sabah, MalaysiaBehaviour and ecology
They are mainly terrestrial but they also are skilled climbers. Unlike almost all primates they love water. They live in large groups split into smaller groups during the day when they are looking for food. They are
, feeding mainly on fruits, seeds, berries, cereals,
. A study in peninsular
found them to be the primary, and perhaps only, seed dispersers of the
There is a
among males, based on the strength, and among females, based on heredity. Thus, the daughter of the dominant female will immediately be placed above all other females in the group. The dominant female leads the group, while the male role is more to manage conflict within the group and to defend it.
Sexual maturity is reached at the age of 3–5 years. Female
lasts about 6 months. She will give birth to one infant every two years. Weaning occurs at 4–5 months.
In Thailand, they have been trained for 400 years to harvest coconuts.
Habitat and distribution
is mostly found in rainforest up to 2000 meters, but will also enter
It is found in the southern half of the
(only just extending into southernmost
There are reports of the species having been present in
before 1950, but these were likely escaped pets.
The only pig-tailed macaques in Singapore today are introduced monkeys.
; Reeder, D.M. (eds.).
Mammal Species of the World: A Taxonomic and Geographic Reference
(3rd ed.). Baltimore: Johns Hopkins University Press. p. 163.
^ Richardson, M.; Mittermeier, R. A.; Rylands, A. B. & Konstant, B. (2008).
The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species
. 2008: e.T12555A3356892.
. Retrieved 12 January 2018.
"Taxonomy of Macaca nemestrina"
. IUCNredlist.org. International Union for Conservation of Nature and Natural Resources. Retrieved 26 April 2018.
"Taxonomy of Macaca nemestrina"
. Primate Info Net. National Primate Research Center via University of Wisconsin System Board of Regents. Retrieved 26 April 2018.Fooden, J. (1975).
"Taxonomy and evolution of liontail and pigtail macaques (Primates : Cercopithecidae)"
(PDF). Fieldiana Zoology. 67: 1–169.
.Rupert, Nadine; et al. (2014).
"A Key Role of the Southern Pig-tailed Macaque
(Linnaeus) in Seed Dispersal of Non-climbing Rattans in Peninsular Malaysia"
(PDF). Asian Primates Journal. 4 (2): 42–51. Retrieved 2018-09-16.
What's Funny About The Business Of Monkeys Picking Coconuts?
, NPR, October 19, 2015.Payne, J., and C. M. Francis. 1998. A Field Guide to the Mammals of Borneo. The Sabah Society, Kota Kinabalu, Sabah.
Corlett, R.T. & Lucas, P.W. "Mammals of Bukit Timah".
The Gardens' Bulletin Singapore Supplement No. 3
(PDF). Singapore Botanic Gardens: National Parks Board. p. 98.
. Retrieved 2015-08-14.Maestripieri D, 1999. Changes in Social Behavior and Their Hormonal Correlates during Pregnancy in Pig-tailed Macaques. International Journal of Primatology 20 : 707-718.Rodman PS, 1991. Structural differentiation of microhabitats of sympatricmacaca fascicularis andM. nemestrina in East Kalimantan, Indonesia. International Journal of Primatology 12 : 357-375.Oi T, 1990. Patterns of dominance and affiliation in wild pig-tailed macaques (Macaca nemestrina nemestrina) in West Sumatra. International Journal of Primatology 11 : 339-356.External linksARKive -
images and movies of the Sunda pig-tailed macaque
Retrieved from "
IUCN Red List vulnerable species
Primates of Southeast Asia
Mammals described in 1766
Wikipedia semi-protected pages
Articles with 'species' microformats
Navigation menuPersonal toolsNot logged in
Donate to Wikipedia
What links here
Cite this page
In other projects
Create a book
Download as PDF
Српски / srpski
This page was last edited on 15 November 2019, at 04:22 (UTC).Text is available under the
Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License
additional terms may apply. By using this site, you agree to the
. Wikipedia® is a registered trademark of the
Wikimedia Foundation, Inc.
, a non-profit organization.