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Kosovo Verification Mission - Wikipedia Kosovo Verification MissionFrom Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia  (Redirected from Operation Eagle Eye (Kosovo) )

The Kosovo Verification Mission (KVM) was an OSCE mission to verify that the Serbian , and Yugoslav forces were complying with the UN October Agreement to end atrocities in Kosovo , withdraw armed forces from Kosovo , and abide by a ceasefire.

ContentsRemit[ edit ]

The KVM's job was to monitor parties' compliance with the agreement, to report any breaches to the OSCE, and to help affected civilians in Kosovo. Other requirements included:

To report on roadblocks;To oversee elections;To ensure that independent and fair police service was set up.Operations[ edit ]

United States diplomat William Walker was appointed head of the mission; he was relatively senior, reflecting the importance that NATO put on a peaceful settlement. His deputy was Gabriel Keller .

Despite being much larger and more complex than any previous OSCE mission, the KVM was put together relatively quickly; parts of the team arrived in Kosovo a month after the 16 October agreement. The KVM was divided into five regions, with a headquarters in Pristina .

Immediately after the Agreement, neither side adhered to the ceasefire; state loyalist forces continued to shoot at civilians, and there were sporadic KLA attacks on state forces.

When a KVM team arrived at the scene of the Račak massacre , they found "36 bodies 23 of which were lying in a ditch".

Operation Eagle Eye[ edit ]

Operation Eagle Eye was part of the Kosovo Verification Mission during the Kosovo War using aircraft were contributed by France , Germany , Italy , Netherlands , the UK , and the USA .. Beginning on 17 October 1998, the aim was to monitor the federal Yugoslav government's compliance with United Nations Security Council Resolution 1199 , and in particular the withdrawal of armed forces from Kosovo and compliance with the ceasefire.

The monitors comprised 1,400 ground observers. As a result of Yugoslav troop activities and other forms of non-compliance, the ground observers withdrew citing "an unacceptable level of risk to the peace support verification mission" [1] , resulting in an end to aerial verification on March 24, 1999.

Withdrawal[ edit ]

In March 1999, there was an increase in ceasefire violations by both sides; as risks increased, it was decided to withdraw the KVM to Ohrid in Macedonia . Yugoslav forces' reaction to the withdrawal was "remarkably docile" and the KVM was downsized to 250 staff.

Then, after the KVM had left, state forces began a campaign of killings, rapes, detentions, and deportations of the Kosovar Albanian population.

Refugees fled to Albania , Macedonia , and Montenegro ; many refugees had their documents destroyed. In April 1999, the OSCE decided that the KVM should help deal with the refugee chaos; 70 verifiers were sent to Tirana , where they helped coordinate disaster-response and interviewed refugees.

References[ edit ] http://clinton5.nara.gov/WH/EOP/NSC/html/nsc-07.html "SECURITY COUNCIL REJECTS DEMAND FOR CESSATION OF USE OF FORCE AGAINST FEDERAL REPUBLIC OF YUGOSLAVIA - Meetings Coverage and Press Releases" . www.un.org. Retrieved 5 June 2019. "OSCE Kosovo Verification Mission (closed) - OSCE" . www.osce.org. Retrieved 5 June 2019. "Serbian Paramilitary Describes Massacre of Kosovo Villagers" . 23 April 2013. Retrieved 5 June 2019. "Serbian court jails nine for 1999 war crimes in Kosovo" . 11 February 2014. Retrieved 5 June 2019 – via www.reuters.com. "UNDER ORDERS: War Crimes in Kosovo - 3. Forces of the Conflict" . www.hrw.org. Retrieved 5 June 2019. "WINNING THE WAR AND THE PEACE IN KOSOVO" . The White House. Retrieved 4 July 2012.^ Brigadier-General Maisonneuve. "THE OSCE KOSOVO VERIFICATION MISSION" (PDF). Canadian Military Journal. Retrieved 2 July 2012.Bellamy (April 2001). "Reconsidering Rambouillet". Contemporary Security Policy. 22 (1): 31–56. doi : 10.1080/13523260512331391056 .^ Bellamy; Griffin (2002). "OSCE Peacekeeping: Lessons From the Kosovo Verification Mission". European Security. 11 (1): 1–26. doi : 10.1080/09662830208407522 . "Serbs Leave Kosovo as Deadline Closes In" . Los Angeles Times. 27 October 1998. Retrieved 4 July 2012. http://www.osce.org/publications/newsletter/nl-99-01/nl0199e.pdf "Richard Holbrooke interview" . Frontline. PBS. Retrieved 4 July 2012. "Operation Eagle Eye" . NATO . Retrieved 15 January 2012. "CNN - No evidence of Yugoslav troop withdrawal from Kosovo, NATO says - May 11, 1999" . edition.cnn.com. Retrieved 5 June 2019. "Human Rights Watch, Kosovo: Focus on Human Rights" . www.hrw.org. Retrieved 5 June 2019. "BBC News - Europe - Kosovo: The conflict by numbers" . news.bbc.co.uk. Retrieved 5 June 2019. "Erasing History: Ethnic Cleansing in Kosovo" . U.S. Department of State. May 1999. Retrieved 11 May 2013. Retrieved from " https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Kosovo_Verification_Mission&oldid=900397952#Operation_Eagle_Eye " Categories : Kosovo War Organization for Security and Co-operation in Europe Serbian war crimes in the Kosovo War Navigation menuPersonal toolsNot logged in Talk Contributions Create account Log in Namespaces Article Talk VariantsViews Read Edit View history MoreSearch
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