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The Kosovo Verification Mission (KVM) was an OSCE mission to verify that the Serbian , and Yugoslav forces were complying with the UN October Agreement to end atrocities in Kosovo , withdraw armed forces from Kosovo , and abide by a ceasefire.ContentsRemit[ edit ]
The KVM's job was to monitor parties' compliance with the agreement, to report any breaches to the OSCE, and to help affected civilians in Kosovo. Other requirements included:To report on roadblocks;To oversee elections;To ensure that independent and fair police service was set up.Operations[ edit ]
Despite being much larger and more complex than any previous OSCE mission, the KVM was put together relatively quickly; parts of the team arrived in Kosovo a month after the 16 October agreement. The KVM was divided into five regions, with a headquarters in Pristina .
Immediately after the Agreement, neither side adhered to the ceasefire; state loyalist forces continued to shoot at civilians, and there were sporadic KLA attacks on state forces.
When a KVM team arrived at the scene of the Račak massacre , they found "36 bodies 23 of which were lying in a ditch".Operation Eagle Eye[ edit ]
Operation Eagle Eye was part of the Kosovo Verification Mission during the Kosovo War using aircraft were contributed by France , Germany , Italy , Netherlands , the UK , and the USA .. Beginning on 17 October 1998, the aim was to monitor the federal Yugoslav government's compliance with United Nations Security Council Resolution 1199 , and in particular the withdrawal of armed forces from Kosovo and compliance with the ceasefire.
The monitors comprised 1,400 ground observers. As a result of Yugoslav troop activities and other forms of non-compliance, the ground observers withdrew citing "an unacceptable level of risk to the peace support verification mission"  , resulting in an end to aerial verification on March 24, 1999.Withdrawal[ edit ]
In March 1999, there was an increase in ceasefire violations by both sides; as risks increased, it was decided to withdraw the KVM to Ohrid in Macedonia . Yugoslav forces' reaction to the withdrawal was "remarkably docile" and the KVM was downsized to 250 staff.
Then, after the KVM had left, state forces began a campaign of killings, rapes, detentions, and deportations of the Kosovar Albanian population.