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Legislative Sejm (Second Polish Republic) - Wikipedia Legislative Sejm (Second Polish Republic)From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Legislative Sejm ( Polish : Sejm Ustawodawczy ) of the Second Polish Republic was the first national parliament ( Sejm ) of the newly independent Second Polish Republic . It was elected in the 1919 Polish legislative election .

ContentsBackground[ edit ]

The Legislative Sejm was formed in the aftermath of World War I on the territories of the newly independent Second Polish Republic . In late 1918 Polish state was governed by Józef Piłsudski , who quickly begun the work to organize election to the first Polish national parliament ( Sejm ) since the Grodno Sejm of 1793, held two years before partitions of Poland ended the independent existence of the Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth .

History[ edit ]

The elections to the Sejm took place on January 26, 1919. At that time, Poland did not have fixed boundaries, and was involved in territorial conflicts and disputes. On the territories under the nascent Polish state's control, in the lands of former Congress Kingdom and Podlasie region, and western Lesser Poland , 42 electoral districts returned 302 deputies. In addition, 20 Polish deputies to the German Parliament , 26 Polish deputies to the Austro-Hungarian Parliament , and selected candidates from the Cieszyn region (where elections were disrupted due to hostilities) were added to the Sejm. In the coming months, as the Polish control grew over some disputed territories, more elections were held: on April 25, 1919, in Greater Poland and on June 15, 1919 in the Białystok and Podlasie regions. Some deputies who were provisional representatives yielded their seats to the newly elected ones. On March 24, 1922, the Sejm was joined by 20 deputies from the Republic of Central Lithuania . The Sejm thus had a changing number of deputies, starting at 348 and ending its term with 432 members. About 5 million votes were cast in the election.

Important legislation passed by the Sejm included laws on the military draft , land reform , and the development of a constitution , and the state-sponsored health insurance system. In 1921 the Sejm passed the March Constitution .

Composition[ edit ]

Due to the changing number of deputies, and the ongoing fragmentation and merger of various parties, there is a number of different composition listings for the Legislative Sejm.

The composition of the Legislative Sejm was as follows:

Party or group (Polish name) Party or group (Jędruch) Party or group (Nohlen and Stöver) Votes (Nohlen and Stöver) % (Nohlen and Stöver) Seats (Nohlen and Stöver) Seats (Jędruch)
Związek Ludowo-Narodowy not listed Popular National Union 1,616,157 29.0 140 ?
? National Democrats not listed 72
Polska Partia Socjalistyczna Socialist Polish Socialist Party 515,062 9.2 35 34
Polskie Stronnictwo Ludowe "Wyzwolenie" Peasant Wyzwolenie Polish People's Party "Wyzwolenie" 839,914 15.1 59 24
Polskie Stronnictwo Ludowe "Piast" Peasant Piast Polish People's Party "Piast" 232,983 4.2 46 listed with no number
Polskie Stronnictwo Ludowe Lewica not listed Polish People's Party "Left" 197,838 3.5 12
? not listed Polish United Peasants' Party 212,097 3.8 35
? not listed Peasants' Lists 234,399 4.2 0
? Peasants' Total not listed 90
? Conservative not listed 44
Stronnictwo Katolicko-Ludowe not listed Catholic People's Party 102,292 1.8 18
? Christian Democrats not listed 31
? National Labor not listed 25
? Middle Class not listed 63
? Communist not listed 2
? Minority (German) National Minorities 96,677 1.7 2 2
? Minority (Jewish) Jewish Group 602,927 10.8 11 16
Narodowa Partia Pracy not listed National Workers' Union 67,285 1.2 32
Bezpartyjni; bez przynależności klubowej Small parties, independents Local lists and independents 863,349 15.5 4 29
Total 5,580,980 100 394 432
Marshal of the Sejm

Marshal of the Sejm was Wojciech Trąmpczyński .

In July 1922[ edit ]
Party Seats %
Polskie Stronnictwo Ludowe "Piast" Polish Folk
96
22,3
Związek Ludowo-Narodowy
81
18,8
Narodowe Zjednoczenie Ludowe
45
3,9
Polska Partia Socjalistyczna
34
10,4
Narodowo-Chrześcijańskie Stronnictwo Ludowe
26
6,0
Narodowo-Chrześcijański Klub Robotniczy
26
6,0
Klub: Polskie Stronnictwo Ludowe "Wyzwolenie"
24
5,6
Narodowa Partia Robotnicza
21
4,9
Klub Pracy Konstytucyjnej
16
3,7
Klub: Polskie Stronnictwo Ludowe—Lewica
11
2,5
Zjednoczenie Mieszczańskie
11
2,5
Stronnictwo Katolicko-Ludowe
7
1,6
Narodowa Partia Pracy (II RP)
6
1,4
Rady Ludowe
5
1,1
Komunistyczna Frakcja Poselska
2
0,5
Wolne Zjednoczenie Posłów Narodowości Żydowskiej (Jews)
10
2,9
Niemieckie Stronnictwo Ludowe (Germans)
7
1,6
Independent
4
0,9
Totals 432 100
Notes[ edit ]

a. Neither Nohlen and Stöver nor Jędruch did retain original for Polish parties and groups; they used their own translations. As such, identification with a particular entity was not always possible.

References[ edit ]^ Jacek Jędruch (1998). Constitutions, elections, and legislatures of Poland, 1493–1977: a guide to their history . EJJ Books. p. 269. ISBN   978-0-7818-0637-4 . Retrieved 13 August 2011. Jacek Jędruch (1998). Constitutions, elections, and legislatures of Poland, 1493–1977: a guide to their history . EJJ Books. p. 270. ISBN   978-0-7818-0637-4 . Retrieved 13 August 2011.^ Jacek Jędruch (1998). Constitutions, elections, and legislatures of Poland, 1493–1977: a guide to their history . EJJ Books. p. 271. ISBN   978-0-7818-0637-4 . Retrieved 13 August 2011.^ Jacek Jędruch (1998). Constitutions, elections, and legislatures of Poland, 1493–1977: a guide to their history . EJJ Books. p. 289. ISBN   978-0-7818-0637-4 . Retrieved 13 August 2011. Jacek Jędruch (1998). Constitutions, elections, and legislatures of Poland, 1493–1977: a guide to their history . EJJ Books. p. 273. ISBN   978-0-7818-0637-4 . Retrieved 13 August 2011.^ Jacek Jędruch (1998). Constitutions, elections, and legislatures of Poland, 1493–1977: a guide to their history . EJJ Books. p. 272. ISBN   978-0-7818-0637-4 . Retrieved 13 August 2011.Dieter Nohlen; Philip Stöver (31 May 2010). Elections in Europe: A Data Handbook . Nomos. p. 1491. ISBN   978-3-8329-5609-7 . Retrieved 6 November 2012.See also[ edit ] Small Constitution (1919) Retrieved from " https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Legislative_Sejm_(Second_Polish_Republic)&oldid=972501596 " Categories : 1919 establishments in Poland 1939 disestablishments in Poland Sejm Second Polish Republic Hidden categories: Articles containing Polish-language text Navigation menuPersonal toolsNot logged in Talk Contributions Create account Log in Namespaces Article Talk VariantsViews Read Edit View history MoreSearch
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