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Cytophaga - Wikipedia CytophagaFrom Wikipedia, the free encyclopediaGenus of bacteria
Cytophaga
Бактерии рода Cytophaga, выросшие на твёрдой питательной среде.jpg
Cytophaga image.
Scientific classification
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Genus:
Cytophaga
Species

C. hutchinsonii
C. psychrophila

Cytophaga is a genus of Gram-negative , gliding , rod-shaped bacteria. This bacterium is commonly found in soil, rapidly digests crystalline cellulose C. hutchinsonii is able to use its gliding motility to move quickly over surfaces. Although the mechanism for this is not known, there is a belief that the flagella is not used

ContentsSpecies[ edit ]

The following are some species in Cytophaga :

Cytophaga psychrophila — causes peduncle or cold water disease in Brook trout ; predisposed by subnormal water temperature. Cytophaga hutchinsonii — aerobic cellulolytic soil bacterium that is known for its ability to rapidly glide over surfaces. The mechanism of cellulose digestion is not fully known; however, it is known that C. hutchinsonii has multiple cell-associated cellulolytic enzymes.Species Previously Classified in Cytophaga:[ edit ]Flavobacterium columnare (previously: Cytophaga columnaris ) — the cause of columnaris disease in salmonid fish, as associated with increased water temperature; it is characterized by white necrotic plaques overlaying skin ulcers; formerly called: Flexibacter columnaris .Flavobacterium johnsoniae (previously: Cytophaga johnsonae ) — associated with false columnaris disease. Breznibacter xylanoticus (previously: Cytophaga xylanolytica) — a gliding bacteria that dominates xylan degradation in freshwater environments References[ edit ]Home - Cytophaga hutchinsonii ATCC 33406. (n.d.). Retrieved May 02, 2017, from http://genome.jgi.doe.gov/cythu/cythu.home.htmlHome - Cytophaga hutchinsonii ATCC 33406. (n.d.). Retrieved May 02, 2017, from http://genome.jgi.doe.gov/cythu/cythu.home.html Zhu, Yongtao; McBride, Mark (2014). "Deletion of the Cytophaga hutchinsonii type IX secretion system gene sprP results in defects in glinding motility and cellulose utilization" . Appl Microbiol Biotechnol. 98 (2): 763–755. doi : 10.1007/s00253-013-5355-2 . PMID   24257839 . S2CID   7288131 .García-López, Marina; Meier-Kolthoff, Jan P.; Tindall, Brian J.; Gronow, Sabine; Woyke, Tanja; Kyrpides, Nikos C.; Hahnke, Richard L.; Göker, Markus (2019). "Analysis of 1,000 Type-Strain Genomes Improves Taxonomic Classification of Bacteroidetes" . Frontiers in Microbiology. 10. doi : 10.3389/fmicb.2019.02083 . ISSN   1664-302X .Haack, Sheridan Kidd; Breznak, John A. (1993-01-01). "Cytophaga xylanolytica sp. nov., a xylan-degrading, anaerobic gliding bacterium" . Archives of Microbiology. 159 (1): 6–15. doi : 10.1007/BF00244257 . ISSN   1432-072X . Saunders Comprehensive Veterinary Dictionary (3rd ed.). Elsevier. 2007.External links[ edit ] Cytophaga at Bac Dive - the Bacterial Diversity Metadatabase Issoria lathonia.jpg Biology portal Retrieved from " https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Cytophaga&oldid=1018981202 " Categories : Gram-negative bacteria Medically important anaerobes Gut flora bacteria Bacteria genera Flavobacteria Hidden categories: Articles with short description Short description matches Wikidata Articles with 'species' microformats Navigation menuPersonal toolsNot logged in Talk Contributions Create account Log in Namespaces Article Talk VariantsViews Read Edit View history MoreSearch
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