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Austrosimulium
DIPT Simuliidae Austrosimulium australense.png
Austrosimulium australense
Scientific classification
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Austrosimulium

Tonnoir, 1925
Type species
A. australense
(Schiner, 1868)
Species

See text

Austrosimulium is a genus of 31 species of black flies that are distributed in Australia and New Zealand . There are 2 subgenera : Austrosimulium whose species are principally from New Zealand, and Novaustrosimulium which are exclusively Australian. Austrosimulium is a sister genus to the monospecific Paraustrosimulium of South America.

Some species are known to spread the protozoan blood parasite Leucocytozoon tawaki in penguins .

In New Zealand, where they are known as sandflies , three species – A. australense , A. tillyardianum and A. ungulatum – bite humans.

Species[ edit ]Subgenus Austrosimulium Tonnoir, 1925 A. albovelatum Dumbleton, 1973 A. alveolatum Dumbleton, 1973 A. australense ( Schiner , 1868) A. bicorne Dumbleton, 1973 A. campbellense Dumbleton, 1973 A. cornutum Tonnoir, 1925 A. crassipes Tonnoir, 1925 A. dugdalei Craig, Craig & Crosby, 2012 A. dumbletoni Crosby, 1976 A. extendorum Craig, Craig & Crosby, 2012 A. fiordense Dumbleton, 1973 A. fulvicorne Mackerras & Mackerras, 1950 A. laticorne Tonnoir, 1925 A. longicorne Tonnoir, 1925 A. mirabile Mackerras & Mackerras, 1948 A. montanum Mackerras & Mackerras, 1952 A. multicorne Tonnoir, 1925 A. stewartense Dumbleton, 1973 A. tillyardianum Dumbleton, 1973 A. tonnoiri Craig, Craig & Crosby, 2012 A. ungulatum Tonnoir, 1925 A. unicorne Dumbleton, 1973 A. vailavoense Craig, Craig & Crosby, 2012 A. vexans ( Mik , 1881)Subgenus Novaustrosimulium Dumbleton, 1973 A. bancrofti (Taylor, 1918) A. furiosum ( Skuse , 1889) A. magnum Mackerras & Mackerras, 1955 A. pestilens Mackerras & Mackerras, 1948 A. torrentium Tonnoir, 1925 A. victoriae (Roubaud, 1906)Austrosimulium species as yet unplaced A. colboi Davies & Györkös, 1988Literature cited[ edit ]Peter H. Adler & Roger W. Crosskey (2009). "World Blackflies (Diptera: Simuliidae): A Comprehensive Revision of the Taxonomic and Geographical Inventory" : 109.Cite journal requires |journal= ( help ) Craig, D.A.; Craig, R.E.G.; Crosby, T.K. (2012). Simuliidae (Insecta: Diptera). Fauna of New Zealand. 68. Manaaki Whenua Press. p. 11.Douglas A. Craig & Trevor K. Crosby (2008). "Gynandromorphs of New Zealand Austrosimulium spp . (Diptera: Simuliidae)" (PDF). Zootaxa. New Zealand: Magnolia Press. 1811: 57–68. ISSN   1175-5334 . Retrieved 2009-03-25.A. M. Fallis; S. A. Bisset; F. R. Allison (1976). "Leucocytozoon tawaki n.sp. (Eucoccida: Leucocytozoidae) from the penguin Eudyptes pachyrhynchus, and preliminary observations on its development in Austrosimulium spp. (Diptera: Simuliidae)". New Zealand Journal of Zoology. Wellington, New Zealand: The Royal Society of New Zealand. 3 (1): 11–16. doi : 10.1080/03014223.1976.9517893 .^ T. K. Crosby (1976). "Austrosimulium (Austrosimulium) dumbletoni n.sp. from New Zealand (Diptera: Simuliidae)". New Zealand Journal of Zoology. Wellington, New Zealand: The Royal Society of New Zealand. 3 (1): 17–19. doi : 10.1080/03014223.1976.9517894 .Early, John (2009). Know your New Zealand ... native insects & spiders. New Holland. p. 120. ISBN   9781869662530 .Walrond, Carl (24 September 2007). "Sandflies and mosquitoes - Sandflies: New Zealand's blackflies" . Te Ara – the Encyclopedia of New Zealand. Retrieved 3 September 2017.^ Craig, D.A.; Craig, R.E.G.; Crosby, T.K. 2012: Simuliidae (Insecta: Diptera). Fauna of New Zealand, (68)External links[ edit ] Data related to Austrosimulium at Wikispecies http://www.waitakere.govt.nz/AbtCit/ei/EcoWtr/macroinv/macroinvertebrates.asp | page with many Macroinvertebrates listed, described and illustrated Retrieved from " https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Austrosimulium&oldid=861127268 " Categories : Simuliidae Culicomorpha genera Chironomoidea stubs Hidden categories: CS1 errors: missing periodical Articles with 'species' microformats All stub articles Navigation menuPersonal toolsNot logged in Talk Contributions Create account Log in Namespaces Article Talk VariantsViews Read Edit View history MoreSearch
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