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Cabo Verde (Cape Verde)
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[Portugal]
to 5 Jul 1975 
[Cape Verde
                            1967 Portuguese colonial flag proposal]
1967 (proposed colonial flag) 
[Cape Verde
                            1975-1992 flag]
5 Jul 1975 - 25 Sep 1992
[Flag of Cabo Verde (Cape Verde)]
Adopted 25 Sep 1992

"C�ntico da Liberdade"
(Song of Freedom)

Adopted 5
(1975-1996 same as

(25 Sep 1992)
Capital : Praia
(Villa de Praia 1769-1974
Cidade de Ribeira 1495-1769
Currency : Cabo Verdean
 Escudo (CVE) 
National Holiday : 5 Jul (1975)
Dia da Independ�ncia
(Independence Day)
Population : 568,373 (2018)
GDP : $3.77 billion (2017)
Exports : $189 million (2017)
Imports : $836.1 million (2017)
Ethnic groups : Cape Verdian mestico 69.6%, Fulani 12.2%, Balanta
10%, Mandyako 4.6%, Portuguese white 2%, other 1.6% (2000)
Total Active Armed Forces : 1,200 (2010)
Merchant marine : 42 ships (2017)
Religions : Roman Catholic 77.3%, Protestant 4.6% (includes
 Church of the Nazarene 1.7%, Adventist 1.5%,
Assembly
Universal Kingdom of God 0.4%, and
God and Love 0.1%), other Christian 3.4% (includes Christian
 Rationalism 1.9%, Jehovah's Witness 1%, and New Apostolic 0.5%),
International Organizations/Treaties AfCFTA (signatory), AfDB, AOSIS, APM, AU, BTWC, CCM, CD, CEN-SAD, CPLP, CTBT, CWC, ECOWAS, ENMOD, ESCR, FAO, G-77, , ISA, ITSO, ITU, ITUC, LU, MIGA, NAM, NPT, NTBT, OIF, OPCW, UN, UNCLOS, UNCTAD, UNESCO, UNFCC-PA, UNIDO, UNWTO, UPU, WCO, WHO, WIPO, WMO, WTO
Cape Verde
Index
Chronology
1456                       Islands discovered and claimed for Portugal
                             (other claims date the discovery as 1445,
                             1446, or 1460), named Arquip�lago de Cabo
                             Verde.
1462                       First Portuguese settlements (Ribeira Grande, S�o
                             Ant�o, S�o Vincente, S�o Tiago, S�o Nicolau,
                             Maio, B�a Vista, Sal, Fogo, and Brava).
1495                       Separate crown colonies ( don�tarias ) known
                             as Dominion of Cape Verde.
15 Jul 1580 -  1 Dec 1640  Islands along with Portugal a Spanish possession.
1585                       English under Francis Drake sack Ribeira Grande
                             (and again in 159 2 ).
1587                       Cape Verde Islands a united colony.
1712                       French corsairs sa ck Ribeira Grande.
1879                       Portuguese Guinea ( ) made a separate
                             colony.
11 Jun 1951                Portuguese overseas province.
19 Dec 1974                Autonomous (Republic of Cape Verde).
 5 Jul 1975                Independence from Portugal.
25 Oct 2013                Republic of Cabo Verde (Portuguese name no longer
                             translated).

(1462-1575)
(1462-16..)
(1504 -1759)
(1498-1696)
 

Secretaries-general of African Party for Independence of Guinea and Cape Verde (PAIGC)
1963 - 20 Jan 1973         Am�lcar Lopes Cabral               (b. 1924 - d. 1973)
22 Jul 1973 - 20 Jan 1981  Aristides Maria Pereira            (b. 1923 - d. 2011)
General Secretary of African Party of Independence of Cape Verde (PAICV)
20 Jan 1981 - Jul 1990     Aristides Maria Pereira            (s.a.)
                           ("leading role" of the party abolished 17 Feb 1990)


Corregedor /Magistrates of the Islands of Cape Verde
1481 - ....                Pero Louren�o
1501 � 1508                Francisco Soares
1508 � 1512                Gil �lvares
1512 � 1513                Afonso Lopes de Mariz              (b. c.1470 - d. 15..)             
1513 - 1517                Pero de Guimar�es 
1517 - 1521                Jo�o Alem�o
1521 - 1527                Leonis Correia 
28 Aug 1527 � 15 Sep 1534  Gaspar da Videira
15 Sep 1534 �  8 Jul 1536  Estev�o de Lagos 
 8 Jul 1536 � 14 Aug 1540  Andr� Feio 
14 Aug 1540 � 20 Dec 1541  Sim�o Afonso 
20 Dec 1541 � 13 Dec 1544  Pero Moniz 
13 Dec 1544 - 1547         Ant nio Ferreira 
 1 Oct 1547 - 1550         Pero de Araujo 
20 Mar 1550 - 1551         Jorge Pimentel                     (d. 1551)
155. - 1555                Jo�o Rodrigues Cardoso
1556 - 1559                Manuel de Andrade
27 Feb 1559 - 1560         Lu�s Martins de Evangelho
1560 - 1562                Greg�rio Martins Caminha 
1562 - 1566                Bernardo de Alpoim 
1566 � 1570                Manuel de Andrade
1571 - 1577                Ant�nio Velho Tinoco               (b. c.1540 - d. ....)
1577 - 1579                Cristov�o Soares de Melo           (d. 1584)
1579 - 1584                Diogo Dias Magro
1584 - 1587                Gaspar de Andrade 
28 Jul 1588 - 1595         Amador Gomes Raposo 
Governors of Cape Verde
 7 Aug 1587 � 25 Mar 1591  Duarte Lobo da Gama
25 Mar 1591 - 1595         Br�s Soares de Melo
1595 � 15 May 1596         Amador Gomes Raposo
15 May 1596 - 1603         Francisco Lobo da Gama
12 Jan 1603 - 1606         Fern�o de Mesquita de Brito
12 Jan 1606 - 1611         Francisco Correia da Silva
1611 - 1614                Francisco Martins de Sequeira
Jun 1614 - 1618            Nicolau de Castilho
1618 � 13 Apr 1622         Francisco de Moura
13 Apr 1622 - 12 Sep 1622  Francisco de Moura Rolim           (b. 1580 - d. 1622)
1622 -  8 Mar 1624         Manuel Afonso de Guerra, bispo     (d. 1624)
                           + Chamber Senate
 8 Mar 1624 � 10 Apr 1624  Chamber Senate  
10 Apr 1624 - 1628         Francisco Vasconcelos da Cunha     (b. c.1590 - d. 16..)
1628 - 1632                Jo�o Pereira de Corte-Real
1632 - 1636                Frei Crist�v�o de Cabral
1636 - 1639                Jorge de Castilho
1639 - 1640                Jer�nimo Cavalcanti de
                             Albuquerque
1640 - Oct 1645            Jo�o Serr�o da Cunha               (d. 1645)
1641 � 1642                Chamber Senate (acting for Cunha)           
1645 -  1 Nov 1646         Fray Louren�o Garro                (b. c.1565 - d. 1646)
                           + Jorge de Ara�jo de Mongemes
                             (or Mogueimas) 
1646 � 10 May 1648         Chamber Senate
10 May 1648 � 15 Nov 1648  Roque de Barros R�go               (d. 1649)
15 Nov 1648 � 29 Jun 1649  Chamber Senate
                           - Diogo Sanches de Ovando
                           - Carlos Mendon�a de Almada
                           - Valentim Fernandes Lucas
                           - Bartolomeu Rodrigues Machado
                           - Lucas de Abreu
                           - Jo�o Gomes Henriques
                           - Carlos Mendon�a de Almada
                           - Valentim Fernandes Lucas
                           - Jo�o Gomes Henriques
                           - Manuel Fidalgo da Costa
29 Jun 1649 -  9 Oct 1650  Gon�alo de Gamb�a Ayala            (d. 1650)
16 Oct 1650 � 24 Dec 1651  Pedro Semedo Cardoso (acting)
24 Dec 1651 - 1652         Jorge de Mesquita Castelo Branco
21 Apr 1653 - 1658         Pedro Ferraz Barreto
31 Jul 1658 - Apr 1662     Francisco de Figueiroa
19 May 1663 - 1667         Ant�nio Galv�o
21 May 1667 - 1670         Manuel da Costa Pessoa             (b. c.1622 - d. 1686)
                             (1st time)
25 May 1671 - 1673         Manuel Pacheco de Melo
1673 - 1676                Manuel Moniz de Mendon�a (acting)
30 Jun 1676 - 20 Aug 1676  Jo�o Cardoso Pizarro               (d. 1676)
20 Aug 1676 � Apr 1678     Chamber Senate

                           + Fray Ant nio de S. Dion sio      (d. 1684)
Apr 1678 � 1682            Manuel da Costa Pessoa             (s.a.)
                             (2nd time)
10 Oct 1682 - 1687         In�cio de Fran�a Barbosa
19 Jun 1687 - 24 Apr 1688  Ver�ssimo de Carvalho da Costa
24 Apr 1688 - 28 Feb 1690  Bispo Victoriano Portuense (acting)(b. 16.. - d. 1705)
28 Feb 1690 - 16 Sep 1690  Diogo Ramires Esqu vel             (b. 16.. - d. 1690)
16 Sep 1690 � May 1692     Chamber Senate
                           + Manuel Delgarte da Costa        
May 1692 � 1694            Manuel Ant�nio Pinheiro da 
                             C�mara
1694 - 1696                Francisco de Pita Malheiro (acting)
21 Apr 1696 - 11 Nov 1697  Ant�nio Gomes Mena                 (b. 16.. - d. 1697)
11 Nov 1697 � 13 Apr 1698  Chamber Senate

                           + Jo�o Coimbra Soeiro         
13 Apr 1698 � 24 May 1702  Ant�nio Salgado
12 Apr 1702 - 1702         Jorge Cotrim de Mello
                             (did not take office)
25 May 1702 � 1706         Gon�alo de Lemos Mascarenhas       (b. 16.. - d. 1707)

26 Oct 1707 �  4 Dec 1707  Rodrigo de Oliveira da Fonseca
 1 Dec 1707 � 19 Nov 1711  Chamber Senate
                           + Xavier Lopes Villela
19 Nov 1711 � 29 Apr 1715  Jos� Pinheiro da C�mara            (b. 16.. - d. 1715)
29 Apr 1715 - 1715         Manuel Pereira Calheiros e Ara�jo  (b. 16.. - d. 1715)
20 Jun 1715 �  6 Apr 1716  Chamber Senate 
 6 Apr 1716 � 1720         Serafim Teixeira Sarmento de S�    (b. 1672 - d. 17..)
28 Sep 1720 -  4 Jan 1725  Ant�nio Vieira                     (d. 1725)
 4 Jan 1725 � 24 Jan 1726  Jo�o Pereira de Carvalho           (b. 1690 - d. 17..)  
                            (president of Chamber Senate)
                           + Sebasti�o de Bravo Botelho       (d. 1728)     
24 Jan 1726 - 1728         Francisco Manuel da N�brega
                             Vasconcelos
1728 � 23 Dec 1728         Chamber Senate       
23 Dec 1728 - 30 Mar 1733  Francisco de Oliveira Grans
30 Mar 1733 � 23 Mar 1734  Jos� da Costa Ribeiro
                           + Mateus Moniz da Silva
                           + Francisco Corr�a Rebello
                           (acting)
23 Mar 1734 � Jan 1737     Bento Gomes Coelho                 (b. 1687 - d. 17..)  
28 Feb 1737 -  7 Aug 1738  Jos� da Fonseca Barbosa            (d. 1738)
1738 - 1742                Chamber Senate
                           + Jos� da Costa Ribeiro
27 Oct 1739 - 1739         Crist v o Palha de Almeida
                             (did not take office)
1742 � 1751                Jo�o Zuzarte de Santa Maria        (d. 1752)

 
5 Jun 1751 � 15 Jul 1751  Ant�nio Jos� d'E�a e Faria         (d. 1751)
15 Jul 1751 � Aug 1754     Chamber Senate
                           + Francisco Xavier de Ara�jo  
Aug 1754 � Mar 1757        Lu�s Ant�nio da Cunha d'E�a
27 Mar 1757 �  6 Oct 1761  Manuel Ant�nio de Sousa e Meneses
11 Oct 1761 �  3 Nov 1761  Marcelino Pereira de �vila         (d. 1761)
 3 Nov 1761 � 19 Feb 1764  Ant�nio de Barros Bezerra de       (b. 1726 - d. 1764)
                             Oliveira
                           + Jos� Rom�o da Silva
                           + Chamber Senate
                           (acting)
19 Feb 1764 � Dec 1766     Bartolomeu de Sousa Brito Tigre
27 Dec 1766 -  4 May 1767  Jo�o J�come Henrique Baena         (d. 1767)
 4 May 1767 � 13 Dec 1769  Chamber Senate
                           - Manuel Gon�alves de Carvalho
                           - Jo�o Freire de Andrade           
13 Dec 1769 �  3 Mar 1776  Joaquim de Salema Saldanha Lobo    (d. 1776)
 3 Mar 1776 � 21 May 1777  Governing Junta
                           - Jos� dos Reis Borges
                           - Nicolau da Fonseca Ara�jo 
                           - Jo�o Freire de Andrade
21 May 1777 � 1781         Ant�nio do Vale de Sousa Meneses
19 Feb 1781 - 19 Mar 1781  Duarte de Melo da Silva e Castro   (d. 1782)
                             de Almeida                    
19 Mar 1781 � 16 Nov 1782   Governing Junta
                           - Francisco de S�o Sim�o           (d. 1783)
                           - Jos� Ferreira da Silva?
                           - Jo�o Freire de Andrade
16 Nov 1782 � 10 Aug 1783  Francisco de S�o Sim�o             (d. 1783)
                             (acting)
10 Aug 1783 � 30 Mar 1785  Government Junta (incomplete)
                           - Francisco de S�o Sim�o
                           - Manuel Tavares da Silva
                              (to 21 Apr 1784)  
                           - Francisco de Abreu               (b. 1726 - d. 1783)
                           - Jos� Ferreira da Silva  
                              (from 21 Apr 1784)
30 Mar 1785 � 21 Jan 1789  Ant�nio Machado de Faria e Maia
21 Jan 1789 � 24 Jun 1795  Francisco Jos� Teixeira Carneiro 
24 Jun 1795 - 10 Sep 1795  Jos� da Silva Maldonado d'E�a      (d. 1795)
10 Sep 1795 - Jun 1796     Francisco da Silva Pereira
Jun 1796 �  3 Nov 1796     Governing Junta
                           - Jos� dos Reis Borges
                           - Jo�o Freire de Andrade
                           - Crist�v�o de S�o Boaventura      (d. 1798)
 3 Nov 1796 - 29 Nov 1802  Marcelino Ant�nio Bastos           (d. 1802)
29 Nov 1802 - 1804         Council of Government
                           - Manuel Cruz Monteiro
                           - Jos� Coelho de Mendon�a
                           - Joaquim Naz�rio da Fonseca Borges
                           - Jos� Joaquim Botelho de Almeida    
1804 - 1818                Ant�nio Coutinho de Lencastre      (b. 1768 - d. 18..)
 6 Feb 1818 �  5 May 1821  Ant�nio Pussich                    (b. 1760 - d. 1838)
 5 May 1821 � Jan 1823     Joaquim Jos� Pereira
                             (chairman of the Junta)
16 Jan 1823 � 13 Dec 1826  Jo�o da Matta Chapuzet             (b. 1777 - d. 1842)
13 Dec 1826 � 25 Aug 1830  Caetano Procopio Godinho de        (b. 1774 - d. 18..) 
                             Vasconcellos e S�
25 Aug 1830 - 1831         Duarte da Costa e Sousa de Macedo  (b. 1793 - d. 18..)
1831 �  8 Sep 1833         Jos� Coutinho de Lancastre
 8 Sep 1833 � 13 Feb 1834   Governing Junta
                           - Ant nio de Brito do Lago
                           - Greg�rio Freire de Andrada          
1834 - Mar 1835            Manuel Ant�nio Martins             (b. 1772 - d. 1845)      
1835 � 12 Sep 1835         Antonio Carlos Coutinho (acting) 
12 Sep 1835 � 24 Jul 1836  Joaquim Pereira Marinho (1st time) (b. 1782 - d. 1854)
24 Jul 1836 � 13 Jan 1837  Domingos Correia Arouca            (b. 1790 - d. 1861)
13 Jan 1837 - Mar 1840     Joaquim Pereira Marinho (2nd time) (s.a.)
Mar 1840 �  8 Jul 1842     Jo�o Fontes Pereira de Melo        (b. 1780 - d. 1856)
                             (1st time)
 8 Jul 1842 - 1845         Francisco de Paula Bastos,         (b. 1793 - d. 1881)
                             visconde de Bastos 
26 Jun 1845 - 1847         Jos� Miguel de Noronha
1847 � 26 Jun 1848         Governing Junta   
26 Jun 1848 � 23 Aug 1851  Jo�o Fontes Pereira de Melo        (s.a.)
                             (2nd time) 
23 Aug 1851 �  3 Dec 1854  Fortunato Jos� Barreiros           (b. 1797 - d. 1885)
 3 Dec 1854 � 28 Mar 1858  Ant�nio Maria Barreiros Arrobas    (b. 1824 - d. 1888)
28 Mar 1858 � Jun 1860     Sebasti�o Lopes de Calheiros e     (b. 1816 - d. 1899)
                             Meneses
Jun 1860 � 23 Mar 1861     Janu�rio Correia de Almeida,       (b. 1829 - d. 1901)
                             visconde de S�o Janu�rio  
23 Mar 1861 � 25 Apr 1864  Carlos Joaquim Franco
25 Apr 1864 � 11 Feb 1869  Jos� Guedes de Carvalho da Costa   (b. 1814 - d. 1879)
                             Meneses
11 Feb 1869 � 29 Mar 1869  Mac�rio de Sousa Pinto Cardoso     (d. 1875)
                             (acting)
29 Mar 1869 � 26 Feb 1876  Caetano Alexandre de Almeida e     (b. 1824 - d. 1916) 
                             Albuquerque
16 May 1870 �  9 Jun 1870  Jos� Maria da Ponte e Horta        (b. 1824 - d. 1892)
                             (acting for Albuquerque)
 8 Apr 1876 � 22 Dec 1876  Guilherme Quintino Lopes de Macedo (b. 1832 - d. 1895)
22 Dec 1876 � 13 Jun 1879  Vasco Guedes de Carvalho e Meneses (b. 1824 - d. 1905)
13 Jun 1879 � 27 Jul 1881  Ant�nio do Nascimento Pereira de   (b. 1833 - d. 1899)
                             Sampaio
27 Jul 1881 � 23 Jul 1886  Jo�o Paes de Vasconcellos          (b. 1839 - d. 1895)
23 Jul 1886 � 1889         Jo�o Ces�rio de Lacerda (1st time) (b. 1841 - d. 1903)
1889 � 12 Jun 1889         Augusto Frutuoso Figueiredo de      (b. 1851 - d. 1921)
                             Barros (acting)
12 Jun 1889 �  4 Feb 1890  Augusto Ces�rio Cardoso de         (b. 1836 - d. 1905)
                             Carvalho
 4 Feb 1890 �  5 Sep 1893  Jos� Guedes Brand�o de Melo        (b. 1854 - d. 1919)
 5 Sep 1893 � 20 Jan 1894  Fernando de Magalh�es e Meneses    (b. 1840 - d. 1899)
                             (acting) 
20 Jan 1894 � 17 Jan 1898  Alexandre Alberto da Rocha de      (b. 1846 - d. 1900)
                             Serpa Pinto
17 Jan 1898 � Jun 1900     Jo�o Ces�rio de Lacerda (2nd time) (s.a.)
Jun 1900 �  1 Oct 1902     Arnaldo Nogueira de Novais Guedes   (b. 1847 - d. 1917)
                             Rebelo   
 1 Oct 1902 � 12 Aug 1903  Francisco de Paula Cid
12 Aug 1903 � 29 Dec 1904  Ant�nio Alfredo Barjona de Freitas (b. 1860 - d. 1923)
29 Dec 1904 � 28 Aug 1907  Am�ncio Alpoim Cerqueira Borges    (b. c.1860 - d. 1912)
                             Cabral
28 Aug 1907 - 1909         Bernardo Ant�nio da Costa de Sousa (b. 1863 - d. 1947)
                             de Macedo 
1909 � 18 Sep 1910         Martinho Pinto de Queir�s          (b. 1847 - d. 1919)
18 Sep 1910 - 1911         Ant�nio de Abreu de Macedo         (b. 1876 - d. 1963)
                             Ramalho Ortig�o
1911                       Artur Marinha de Campos (acting)   (b. 1871 - d. 1930)
 5 Jun 1911 � 11 Sep 1915  Joaquim Pedro Vieira Judice Biker  (b. 1867 - d. 1926)
11 Sep 1915 �  9 Mar 1918  Abel Fontoura da Costa             (b. 1869 - d. 1940)
 9 Mar 1918 - 1919         Te�filo Duarte                     (b. 1898 - d. 1958)
1919 � 31 Dec 1921         Manuel Firmino de Almeida Maia     (b. 1881 - d. 1932)
                             Magalh�es
31 Dec 1921 � 12 Oct 1923  Filipe Carlos D�as de Carvalho     (b. 1868 - d. 1934)
12 Oct 1923 � 29 Dec 1926  Julio Henr�ques de Abreu
29 Dec 1926 - 1927         Jo�o de Almeida                    (b. 1873 - d. 1953)
Jan 1927 - Jan 1931        Ant�nio �lvares Guedes Vaz         (b. 1871 - d. 1952)
1931 - 1941                Amadeu Gomes de Figueiredo         (b. 1888 - d. 1946)
1941 - 1943                Jos� Diogo Ferreira Martins
1943 - 1949                Jo�o de Figueiredo
1949 - 1953                Carlos Alberto Garc�a Alves        (b. 1898 - d. 19..)
                             Ro�adas
1953                       Carlos Henrique Jones da Silveira
                             (acting)  
1953 - 1957                Manuel Marques de Abrantes Amaral  (b. 1914)
1957 - 1958                Ant�nio Augusto Peixoto Correia    (b. 1913 - d. 1988)
                             (acting)
1958 - 1962                Silvino Silv�rio Marques           (b. 1918 - d. 2013)
1963 - 1969                Le�o Maria Tavares Rosado do       (b. 1920 - d. 2006) 
                             Sacramento Monteiro
13 Mar 1969 � 1974         Ant�nio Adriano Faria Lopes dos    (b. 1919 - d. 2009)
                             Santos
1974 - 25 Apr 1974         Bas�lio Pina de Oliveira Seguro    (b. 19.. - d. 2008)
1974 �  6 Aug 1974         Jos� Alberto Loureiro dos Santos   (b. 1936 - d. 2018)
                             (acting)
 6 Aug 1974 � 21 Sep 1974  Henrique Afonso da Silva Horta     (b. 1920 - d. 2012)
21 Sep 1974 � 30 Dec 1974  Vicente Manuel de Moura Coutinho   (b. 1918 - d. 2018)
                             de Almeida d'E�a            
High Commissioner
30 Dec 1974 -  5 Jul 1975   Vicente Manuel de Moura Coutinho    (s.a.)
                             de Almeida d'E�a
Presidents
  5 Jul 1975 - 22 Mar 1991  Aristides Maria Pereira            (s.a.)         PAIGC;1981 PAICV
22 Mar 1991 - 22 Mar 2001  Ant�nio Manuel Mascarenhas Gomes   (b. 1944 - d. 2016)  MpD
                             Monteiro
22 Mar 2001 -  9 Sep 2011  Pedro Verona Rodrigues Pires       (b. 1934)            PAICV
 9 Sep 2011 -              Jorge Carlos de Almeida Fonseca    (b. 1950)            MpD



Transitional government
31 Dec 1974 -  5 Jul 1975  Vicente Manuel de Moura Coutinho   (s.a.)               Mil
                             de Almeida d'E�a
                           - Jos� Manuel Vaz Barroco                               Mil
                           - Vasco Fernando de Melo Wilton                         Mil
                               Pereira
                           - Carlos Nunes Fernandes dos Reis                       PAIGC
                           - Amaro Alexandre da Luz           (b. 1934)            PAIGC
                           - Manuel da Paix�o dos Santos      (b. 1948)            PAIGC
                              Faustino
Prime ministers
 8 Jul 1975 -  4 Apr 1991  Pedro Verona Rodrigues Pires       (s.a.)        PAIGC;1981 PAICV
 4 Apr 1991 -  5 Oct 2000  Carlos Alberto Wahnon de Carvalho  (b. 1949)            MpD
                             Veiga
29 Jul 2000 -  1 Feb 2001  Ant�nio Gualberto do Ros�rio       (b. 1950)            MpD
                             (acting for Veiga to 5 Oct 2000)
 1 Feb 2001 - 22 Apr 2016  Jos� Maria Pereira Neves           (b. 1960)            PAICV
22 Apr 2016 -              Ulisses Correia e Silva            (b. 1962)            MpD


Party abbreviations: MpD = Movimento para a Democracia (Movement for Democracy, centrist, liberal, est.14 Mar 1990); PAICV = Partido Africano da Independ�ncia de Cabo Verde (African Party of Independence of Cabo Verde, democratic socialist, state party 20 Jan 1981-17 Feb 1990, Marxist-Leninist communist 1981-1990, est.20 Jan 1981); Mil = Military;
- Former parties
: PAIGC = Partido Africano da Independ�ncia da Guin� e Cabo Verde (African Party for the Independence of Guinea and Cape Verde , Marxist-Leninist communist, 1956-1980 pro-Guinea Bissau - Cape Verde unity, state party from 1975, from 20 Jan 1981 Cape Verde branch separated as PAICV) 


Island Donataries

 
Boa Vista


29 Oct 1497                 Boa Vista a donataria .
1698                        Incorporated into the Crown possessions
1712                       Brief French occupation.

Donataries
of Boa Vista (also of Santiago since 1497) (incomplete)
29 Oct 1497 -  3 Jan 1505  Rodrigo Afonso 
1490 -  3 Jan 1505         Rodrigo Afonso de Atoguia         
(b. c.1430 - d. 15..)
 3 Jan 1505 - 1542         Pero Correia 
1542 � 15..                Francisco Correia
15.. - ....                Ant nio Correia
c.1663                     Manuel Correia da Silva
16.. � 1698                Jo�o de Melo da Silva

Captain-major of Boa Vista
16..                       Manuel Leit�o Rosa 


Brava, Santa Luzia, Sal Islands

10 Jul 1509                 Brava, Santa Luzia, Sal Islands a donataria .
c.1730                      Incorporated into the Crown possessions

Donataries of Brava, Santa Luzia, Sal Islands, Branco and Raso Islets (incomplete)
10 Jul 1509 � 1528         Francisco da Fonseca
1528 � 22 Oct 1545         Diogo da Fonseca
22 Oct 1545 � 12 Jan 1553  Jo�o Pereira 
12 Jan 1553 - 1574         Martinho Pereira
1574 - ....                Luiz Pereira


Fogo

1493                       Fogo a donataria .

Donataries of Fogo

1493 � 1528                Fern�o Gomes
                           + Martim Mendes
1528 � 1566                Jo�o de Meneses de Vasconcelos,    (b. c.1470 - d. 15..)
                             conde de Penela
1566 � 1591                Afonso de Menezes
1591 � 1607                Jo�o de Vasconcelos de Meneses
1607 � 1635                Afonso de Vasconcelos de Meneses
1635 � 17 Sep 1648         Jo�o Luis de Vasconcellos

17 Sep 1648 � 1685         Diogo de Lima Brito e Nogueira,
   (b. 1615 - d. 1685)
                             visconde de Villa Nova de Cerveira
1685 � 1694                Jo�o Fernandes de Lima Vasconcelos
                             de Brito e Nogueira, visconde
                             de Vila Nova de Cerveira         (b. 1655 - d. 1694)
1694 - ....                Tom�s de Lima Vasconcelos e Meneses
                             de Brito Nogueira, visconde de
                             Vila Nova de Cerveira            (b. 1674? - d. 1755)

Captains-major
c.1540                     Rui Lopes de Almeida
c.1544                     Pero Fernandes
c.Jun 1563                 Sim�o Lopes de Almeida
c.1564                     Afonso Pestana Picoto
c.1657                     Ant nio da Fonseca Ornellas
c.1661                     Jo�o Munh�s
c.1666                     Ant
nio Furtado de Mendon�a
c.1668 - 1672              Christovam de Gouveia Miranda
c.1688                     Manuel de Madureira



Maio

1573                       Maio Island divided into two captaincies:

(1)

1673/1706                   Incorporated into the Crown possessions .

Captains
(incomplete)
1490 - ....                Rodrigo Afonso de Atouguia
                             (Rodrigo Afonso)
.... � 1504                Jo�o Baptista
1504 � 15..                Egas Coelho I + Jo�o Coelho
15.. � 15..                Estev�o Coelho                     (b. c.1490 - d. ....)
15.. � c.1593              Egas Coelho II                     (b. c.1520 - d. ....)
c.1593 � 16..              Martim Afonso Coelho               (b. c.1550 - d. ....)
16.. � 16..                Egas Coelho III                    (b. c.1585 - d. ....)
c.1624                     Jo�o Coelho da Cunha
16..                       Egas Coelho da Cunha               (b. c.1635 - d. ....)

(2)

1684/1706                   Incorporated into the Crown possessions .

Captains (incomplete)
1573 - ....                Diogo da Silva
                           + Antonia de Vilhena               (b. c.1530 - d. ....)
22 May 1670 � 1673         Ant nio Gomes da Silva
1673 - ....                Diogo Gomes de Figueiredo          (d. 1684)
                           + Maria de Menezes (f)


Ribeira Grande

 
3 Dec 1460                Ribeira Grande a donataria . (re-confirmed 19 Sep 1462).
1575                       I ncorporated into the Crown possessions .

Donataries
of Ribeira Grande (later Southern Santiago)
 
3 Dec 1460 - 1497         Ant nio da Nola (Noli)             (b. 1415 - d. 1497)
                             (Ant�nio Usodimare)      
 8 Apr 1497 � 27 Oct 1526 
Jorge Correia
                           + Branca de Aguiar (f) 
27 Oct 1526 � 22 Dec 1533  Afonso de Albuquerque
22 Dec 1533 � 16 Aug 1536  Belchior Correia de Souza          (d. 1536)
16 Aug 1536 � 1550         Jo�o Correia de Souza              (d. 1564)
1550 � 1551                Jorge Pimentel             
1551 - 1560                Ant
nio Correia de Souza
c.1560 �  3 Jan 1564       Jorge Correia de Souza
 3 Jan 1564 � 1575         Constantino de Bragan�a            (b. 1528 - d. 1575)

Captains-major of Ribeira Grande
c.1508                     Sebasti�o Alvares de Landim
c.1515 � 1517              Fern�o Mendes
c.1517                     Jo�o Alem�o
c.1530                     Martim Afonso
153.                       Gomes Baleeiro                     (b. c.1510 - d. ....)
1544 � 1551                Ant
nio Correia de Souza
c.1559                     Manuel de Andrade
c.1570                     Gaspar Rodrigues Velho
c.1580 - 1586              Gaspar Andrade
1586 � 1592                Andr� Raposo



Santiago

29 Jan 1462                Santiago a donataria .
158./159.                  Captaincy extinct after death of last donatary.
1600's                     United with .

Donataries of Santiago (later Northern Santiago)

29 Jan 1462 - 1473         Diogo Afonso                       (d. 1473)
1473                       Jo�o Afonso                        (d. 1473)
1473 - 1505                Rodrigo Afonso 
c.1505 � c.1542            Pero Correa
c.1542 � c.1570            Francisco Correa
c.1570 � 158./159.         Manuel Correa                      (d.  158./159. )

Captains of Northern Santiago
c.1484                     Jo�o de Santar�m
c.1504                     Afonso Ribeiro
c.1508                     Rodrigo Varela
15..                       Gaspar de Almeida
c.1526 � 1527              Andr� Rodrigues dos Mosquitos
1527 � 1536                Gomes Baleeiro
c.1531                     Fern�o d'Alca�ova
c.1551                     Jo�o Rodrigues Cardoso
21 Jan 1570 - ....         Manuel Correia


Santo Ant�o

1504                       Santo Ant�o a donataria .
1724 � 1727                Leased to an English merchants.
1759                        I ncorporated into the Crown possessions.

Donataries of
Santo Ant�o 

 1 Mar 1504 � 1527         Jo�o da Fonseca
1527 � 13 Jan 1548         Pero da Fonseca   
13 Jan 1548 - 1587         Gon�alo de Sousa da Fonseca          (d. 1587)
1587 � 1593                Vacant
1593 � 1608                Francisco de Mascarenhas,
           (b. 1530 - d. 1608)
                             conde de Santa Cruz
1608 � 16..                Martinho de Mascarenhas              (b. c.1570 - d. 16..)
16.. � 1668                Jo�o Mascarenhas, conde de
          (b. c.1600 - d. 1668)
                             Santa Cruz    
1668 � 1676                Martinho de Mascarenhas, conde 
      (b. c.1630 - d. 1676)
                             de Santa Cruz                    
1676 � 1696                Jo�o da Silva, marqu�s de Gouveia    (b. 1625 - d. 1696)
1696 � 1723                Martinho Mascarenhas, marqu�s de
     (b. 1681 - d. 1723)
                             Gouveia                      
1723 � 1724                Jo�o Mascarenhas, marqu�s de Gouveia (b. 1699 - d. 1741?)
                             (1st time)
1724 � 1727                English merchants
1727 � 1732                Sebasti�o de Mendon�a e Zuniga
                             (acting for Portugal)
1732 � 1741?               Jo�o Mascarenhas, marqu�s de Gouveia (s.a.)
                             (2nd time)
1741 � 1759                Jos� Mascarenhas da Silva de
        (b. 1708 - d. 1759)
                             Lencastre, marqu�s de Gouveia
                             e duque de Aveiro

Captains-major of Santo Ant�o   
1727 � 1732                Sebasti�o de Mendon�a e Zuniga
1732 � 1733                Claudio Roquete da Silva
1733 � 1734                Francisco Lobo da Gama
1734 � 1736                Jos� Vieira da Silva
1740 � 1742                Francisco de Lima e Melo



S�o Nicolau and S�o Vicente  


1498                        S�o Nicolau and S�o Vicente Islands a donataria .
1696                       I ncorporated into the Crown possessions .

Donataries of S�o Nicolau & S�o Vicente Islands 
1498 - 1504                Diogo da Silva Menezes,              (b. c.1430 - d. 1504)
                             conde de Portalegre
1504 � 15..                Jo�o da Silva, conde de Portalegre   (b. c.1480 - d. 15..)
15.. � 1580                Alvaro da Silva, conde de Portalegre (b. c.1505 - d. 1580)
1580 � c.1590              Filipa da Silva, condessa de         (b. c.1550 - d. c.1590)
                             Portalegre (f)
c.1590 � 1625              Juan de Silva
c.1625 � c.1650            Manrique de Silva, marqu�s de        (b. c.1585 - d. c.1650)
                             Gouveia
c.1650 � 1696              Jo�o da Silva, marqu�s de Gouveia    (b. 1625 - d. 1696)


Captain-major of S�o Nicolau & S�o Vicente Islands 
c.1580                     Fern�o Penteado 





� Ben Cahoon 

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