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Nigeria States States of Nigeria Buy data      Donate Updates: 

As of 2007-11-09, Nasarawa was spelled with one s on its own state government   site, but it was Nassarawa (double-s) in source [6] and elsewhere on the National Bureau of Statistics site. Google returned 62,300 hits for Nasarawa and 55,000 for Nassarawa. On the Nigeria Direct  

The other spelling controversy is over the capital of Bayelsa, but there seems to be a clear majority for Yenagoa over Yenegoa.

Nigerians have been discussing creating new states. There was talk of forming ten new states in 2011, but it hasn't led to action yet.

FIPS Publication Change Notice No. 10, affecting FIPS PUB 10-4, was issued on 2006-03-23. It changes the name of Abuja Capital Territory to Federal Capital Territory.

Change Notice 4 to FIPS PUB 10-4 is dated 2000-02-25. It says that six new states have been created in Nigeria.

Update I-1 to ISO 3166-2 was published on 2000-06-21. It also shows the addition of the six new states.

Country overview: 
Short name NIGERIA
ISO code NG
FIPS code NI
Language English (en)
Time zone +1
Capital Abuja


In 1899, the Royal Niger Company surrendered its charter to the British Crown. On 1900-01-01, Great Britain created two protectorates: Northern Nigeria (most of the Company land), and Southern Nigeria (the rest of the Company land, merged with the Niger Coast Protectorate). The Colony and Protectorate of Lagos was a separate entity at that time. The parts became a single "colony and protectorate" on 1914-01-01. France and England seized Kamerun (Cameroon) from Germany during World War I. On 1922-07-20, part of Kamerun was mandated to Britain, which administered the mandate as part of Nigeria. Nigeria became independent on 1960-10-01. A plebiscite was held in the Cameroons, now a trust territory. The northern part chose to unite with Nigeria, effective 1962-06-01, while the southern part joined with the recently independent Cameroon Republic, effective 1961-10-01. On 1967-05-30, the Republic of Biafra (consisting of the Eastern and Mid-Western regions, recently reorganized) announced its secession from Nigeria, but the revolt was defeated by 1970, and Biafra never attained international recognition.

Other names of country:  Danish: NigeriaDutch: Nigeria, Bondsrepubliek Nigeria (formal)English: Federal Republic of Nigeria (formal)Finnish: NigeriaFrench: Nig�ria, Nigeria mGerman: Nigeria nIcelandic: N�ger�aItalian: Nigeria fNorwegian: Forbundsrepublikken Nigeria (formal) (Bokm�l), Sambandsrepublikken Nigeria (formal) (Nynorsk), NigeriaPortuguese: Nig�ria, Rep�blica f Federal da Nig�ria f (formal)Russian: Федеративная Республика Нигерия (formal)Spanish: Nigeria, Rep�blica f Federal de Nigeria f (formal)Swedish: NigeriaTurkish: Nijerya Federal Cumhuriyeti (formal)Origin of name: 

Named for the Niger River, from Tamashek gher n-gheren : river among rivers

Primary subdivisions: 

Nigeria is divided into 36 states and one capital territory.

State HASC FIPS Population Area(km.�) Area(mi.�) Capital
Abia NG.AB NI45 2,833,999 4,857 1,875 Umuahia
Adamawa NG.AD NI35 3,168,101 37,957 14,655 Yola
Akwa Ibom NG.AK NI21 3,920,208 6,788 2,621 Uyo
Anambra NG.AN NI25 4,182,032 4,761 1,838 Awka
Bauchi NG.BA NI46 4,676,465 48,197 18,609 Bauchi
Bayelsa NG.BY NI52 1,703,358 9,363 3,615 Yenagoa
Benue NG.BE NI26 4,219,244 30,755 11,875 Makurdi
Borno NG.BO NI27 4,151,193 72,767 28,095 Maiduguri
Cross River NG.CR NI22 2,888,966 22,112 8,537 Calabar
Delta NG.DE NI36 4,098,391 17,095 6,600 Asaba
Ebonyi NG.EB NI53 2,173,501 6,342 2,449 Abakaliki
Edo NG.ED NI37 3,218,332 19,584 7,562 Benin City
Ekiti NG.EK NI54 2,384,212 5,797 2,238 Ado-Ekiti
Enugu NG.EN NI47 3,257,298 7,560 2,919 Enugu
Federal Capital Territory NG.FC NI11 1,405,201 7,569 2,922 Abuja
Gombe NG.GO NI55 2,353,879 17,428 6,729 Gombe
Imo NG.IM NI28 3,934,899 5,135 1,982 Owerri
Jigawa NG.JI NI39 4,348,649 23,415 9,041 Dutse
Kaduna NG.KD NI23 6,066,562 44,217 17,072 Kaduna
Kano NG.KN NI29 9,383,682 20,389 7,872 Kano
Katsina NG.KT NI24 5,792,578 23,822 9,198 Katsina
Kebbi NG.KE NI40 3,238,628 36,320 14,023 Birnin Kebbi
Kogi NG.KO NI41 3,278,487 29,063 11,221 Lokoja
Kwara NG.KW NI30 2,371,089 33,792 13,047 Ilorin
Lagos NG.LA NI05 9,013,534 3,475 1,342 Ikeja
Nasarawa NG.NA NI56 1,863,275 26,633 10,283 Lafia
Niger NG.NI NI31 3,950,249 72,065 27,824 Minna
Ogun NG.OG NI16 3,728,098 16,850 6,506 Abeokuta
Ondo NG.ON NI48 3,441,024 15,019 5,799 Akure
Osun NG.OS NI42 3,423,535 8,585 3,315 Oshogbo
Oyo NG.OY NI32 5,591,589 27,036 10,438 Ibadan
Plateau NG.PL NI49 3,178,712 26,539 10,247 Jos
Rivers NG.RI NI50 5,185,400 10,361 4,000 Port Harcourt
Sokoto NG.SO NI51 3,696,999 32,146 12,412 Sokoto
Taraba NG.TA NI43 2,300,736 59,180 22,850 Jalingo
Yobe NG.YO NI44 2,321,591 44,880 17,328 Damaturu
Zamfara NG.ZA NI57 3,259,846 33,667 12,999 Gusau
Total 140,003,542 911,519 351,938
  • State: Abuja Capital Territory is a capital territory.
  • HASC: Hierarchical administrative subdivision codes . If periods are replaced by
    hyphens, these are the same as the state codes from ISO standard 3166-2.
  • FIPS: codes from FIPS PUB 10-4, a U.S. government standard.
  • Population: 2006-03-21 census provisional results.
  • Area: Source [7].
Further subdivisions:

The states are subdivided into 774 local government areas.

Territorial extent: 

The UN LOCODE page  

Origins of names:  Abia: acronym for the Aba, Bende, Isuikwuato, and Afikpo groups resident there when it was formed.Adamawa: conquered by Moddibo (King) Adama in the early 19th century.Bendel: from first syllables of the constituent provinces, Benin and Delta.Benue: name of a river, means mother of waters.Cross River: the Cross River flows through it.Delta: located in the delta of the Niger River.Enugu: from the capital, whose name means "top of the hill".Plateau: contains the Jos Plateau.Rivers: riddled with rivers, mostly in the delta of the Niger River.Taraba: after the Taraba River.Change history:  1903: Sultanate of Sokoto merged with protectorate of Northern Nigeria.1906-02: The "colony and protectorate of Lagos" and the "protectorate of Southern Nigeria" merged to form the "colony and protectorate of Southern Nigeria".~1938: Southern Nigeria split into Eastern and Western regions. Northern Nigeria became a region. The regions were further subdivided into provinces.~1947: Name of Warri province changed to Delta; Yola changed to Adamawa; Nupe changed to Niger. Ibadan province split from Oyo; Katsina province formed from parts of Sokoto and Zaria; Rivers province split from Owerri.
Region Pop-1953 Pop-1931 Area(km.�) Area(mi.�) Capital
Eastern 7,217,829 4,315,695 76,363 29,484 Enugu
Northern 16,153,333 11,434,924 684,487 264,282 Kaduna
Western 6,359,717 3,802,680 117,593 45,403 Ibadan


Province Pop-1953 Pop-1931 Area(km.�) Area(mi.�) Capital Reg
Abeokuta 630,000 434,526 11,049 4,266 Abeokuta W
Adamawa 3,558,000 652,361 53,926 20,821 Yola N
Bauchi 1,424,000 1,025,310 67,650 26,120 Bauchi N
Benin 901,000 493,215 21,968 8,482 Benin W
Benue 987,358 72,344 27,932 Makurdi N
Bornu 1,118,360 105,112 40,584 Maiduguri N
Calabar 1,541,000 899,503 16,174 6,245 Calabar E
Colony 510,000 325,020 3,577 1,381 Lagos W
Delta 591,000 444,533 16,680 6,440 Warri W
Ibadan 1,651,000 11,709 4,521 W
Ijebu 348,000 305,898 6,361 2,456 Ijebu-Ode W
Ilorin 531,000 537,559 45,892 17,719 Ilorin N
Kabba 664,000 462,726 28,368 10,953 Lokoja N
Kano 3,398,000 2,436,844 43,072 16,630 Kano N
Katsina 1,483,000 24,517 9,466 N
Niger 716,000 473,067 74,245 28,666 Minna N
Ogoja 1,082,000 708,538 19,386 7,485 Ogoja E
Ondo 945,000 462,560 21,139 8,162 Akure W
Onitsha 1,769,000 1,107,745 12,631 4,877 Onitsha E
Owerri 2,078,000 1,599,909 10,021 3,869 Port Harcourt E
Oyo 783,000 1,336,928 25,110 9,695 Oyo W
Plateau 892,000 568,738 32,183 12,426 Jos N
Rivers 748,000 18,151 7,008 E
Sokoto 2,681,000 1,815,178 94,475 36,477 Sokoto N
Zaria 806,000 1,357,423 42,704 16,488 Zaria N
Total 29,730,879 19,553,299 878,444 339,169
  • Pop-1953: Census of 1952-07 to 1953-06 (source [9]).
    Populations of Benue and Bornu included in Adamawa.
  • Pop-1931: Source [8].
  • Area: Source [9].
  • Reg: Region (E = Eastern, N = Northern, W = Western).
1960-10-01: Constitution of the Federation of Nigeria came into force. The divisions of the country were the three regions. Note: the federal territory around Lagos was an entity both before and after independence, but it's not clear whether it was ranked equally with the regions, or was simply part of Western region.1962-06-01: Northern Cameroons merged with Northern region.1963-06: Benin and Delta provinces split from Western region to form Mid-Western region (capital, Benin City).1966-05-24: Following a coup, the military government changed the status of Nigeria to a republic, its regions to provinces, and Lagos federal territory to a capital territory; however, these changes were reversed after another coup later in the year.1967-05-27: Eastern region split into East-Central (Enugu), Rivers (Port Harcourt), and South-Eastern (Calabar) states; Northern region split into Benue-Plateau (Jos), Kano (Kano), Kwara (Ilorin), North-Central (Kaduna), North-Eastern (Maiduguri), and North-Western (Sokoto) states; Western region split into Lagos (Lagos) and Western (Ibadan) states. Lagos state consisted of Colony province and Lagos federal territory. Status of Mid-Western region changed to state.1976-02-03: Benue-Plateau state divided into Benue (Makurdi) and Plateau states; East-Central state divided into Anambra and Imo (Owerri) states; Federal Capital Territory (Abuja) formed from parts of Niger and Plateau states; North-Eastern state divided into Bauchi (Bauchi), Borno, and Gongola (Yola) states; Niger (Minna) state split from Sokoto; Western state divided into Ogun (Abeokuta), Ondo (Akure), and Oyo states. Capital of Lagos state moved from Lagos to Ikeja. Also, state boundaries were adjusted: Igala (east of the Niger River) transferred from Kwara to Benue state; Ughelli transferred from Mid-Western to Rivers state; Opobo transferred from South-Eastern to Rivers state. Also, name of Mid-Western state changed to Bendel; name of South-Eastern state changed to Cross River.1987-09-23: Akwa Ibom state (FIPS code NI21) split from Cross River (NI22, formerly NI09); Katsina state (NI24) split from Kaduna (NI23, formerly NI14); name of Federal Capital Territory changed to Abuja Capital Territory.1991-08-27: Abia state split from Imo; Bendel state divided into Delta and Edo; Enugu state split from Anambra; Gongola state divided into Adamawa and Taraba; Jigawa state split from Kano; Kebbi state split from Sokoto; Kogi state formed from parts of Benue and Kwara; Osun state split from Oyo; Yobe state split from Borno. National capital moved from Lagos to Abuja. These were the divisions of Nigeria as a result:
State HASC FIPS Population Area(km.�) Area(mi.�) Capital
Abia NG.AB NI34 2,297,978 6,320 2,440 Umuahia
Abuja Capital Territory NG.FC NI11 378,671 7,315 2,824 Abuja
Adamawa NG.AD NI35 2,124,049 36,917 14,254 Yola
Akwa Ibom NG.AK NI21 2,359,736 7,081 2,734 Uyo
Anambra NG.AN NI25 2,767,903 4,844 1,870 Awka
Bauchi NG.BA NI06 4,294,413 64,605 24,944 Bauchi
Benue NG.BE NI26 2,780,398 34,059 13,150 Makurdi
Borno NG.BO NI27 2,596,589 70,898 27,374 Maiduguri
Cross River NG.CR NI22 1,865,604 20,156 7,782 Calabar
Delta NG.DE NI36 2,570,181 17,698 6,833 Asaba
Edo NG.ED NI37 2,159,848 17,802 6,873 Benin City
Enugu NG.EN NI38 3,161,295 12,831 4,954 Enugu
Imo NG.IM NI28 2,485,499 5,530 2,135 Owerri
Jigawa NG.JI NI39 2,829,929 23,154 8,940 Dutse
Kaduna NG.KD NI23 3,969,252 46,053 17,781 Kaduna
Kano NG.KN NI29 5,632,040 20,131 7,773 Kano
Katsina NG.KT NI24 3,878,344 24,192 9,341 Katsina
Kebbi NG.KE NI40 2,062,226 36,800 14,209 Birnin-Kebbi
Kogi NG.KO NI41 2,099,046 29,833 11,519 Lokoja
Kwara NG.KW NI30 1,566,469 36,825 14,218 Ilorin
Lagos NG.LA NI05 5,685,781 3,345 1,292 Ikeja
Niger NG.NI NI31 2,482,367 76,363 29,484 Minna
Ogun NG.OG NI16 2,338,570 16,762 6,472 Abeokuta
Ondo NG.ON NI17 3,884,485 20,959 8,092 Akure
Osun NG.OS NI42 2,203,016 9,251 3,572 Oshogbo
Oyo NG.OY NI32 3,488,789 28,454 10,986 Ibadan
Plateau NG.PL NI19 3,283,704 58,030 22,406 Jos
Rivers NG.RI NI10 3,983,857 21,850 8,436 Port-Harcourt
Sokoto NG.SO NI33 4,392,391 65,735 25,380 Sokoto
Taraba NG.TA NI43 1,480,590 54,473 21,032 Jalingo
Yobe NG.YO NI44 1,411,481 45,502 17,568 Damaturu
31 divisions 88,514,501 923,768 356,668
  • State: Abuja is a capital territory.
  • ISO: Codes from ISO 3166-2.
  • FIPS: Codes from FIPS PUB 10-4.
  • Population: 1991-11-26 census
1996-10-01: Bayelsa state was split from Rivers; Ebonyi state was formed from parts of Abia and Enugu; Ekiti state was split from Ondo; Gombe state was split from Bauchi; Nasarawa state was split from Plateau; and Zamfara state was split from Sokoto.Other names of subdivisions:  Federal Capital Territory: Abuja Capital Territory (variant); Abuya (Spanish-obsolete); Territoire de la capitale f�d�rale (French); Territorio de la Capital Federal (Spanish)Nasarawa: Nassarawa (variant)Rivers: Rivi�res (French)Sources:  [1] Library of Congress country study   [2] Annual Abstract of Statistics (1996 edition). Federal Office of Statistics, Lagos, Nigeria.[3] Barbour, K. Michael, et al. "Nigeria in Maps". Africana Publishing Company, N.Y., 1982.[4] Geography   [5] Demographic Yearbook   [6] 2006 Population Census (http://www.nigerianstat.gov.ng/Connections/Pop2006.pdf, dead link, retrieved 2007-11-09).[7] Nigeria Congress website (http://www.nigeriacongress.org/, dead link, retrieved 2007-11-09).[8] Webster's New Geographical Dictionary. G. & C. Merriam, Springfield, MA, 1969. Says it lists the provinces as of 1940.[9] The Encyclop�dia Britannica World Atlas, 1957 edition.
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