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Explore a map and photos of areas in the Columbia River Basin where dams block passage of anadromous fish | Northwest Power and Conservation Council Header Menu Contact Search About Integrating energy and the environment in the Columbia River Basin About the Council Mission and Strategy Members and Staff Bylaws Policies Careers / RFPs News See what the Council is up to. Read the latest news Read All News Press Resources Newsletters International Columbia River Explore News by Topic Fish and Wildlife Planning Salmon and Steelhead Wildlife Energy Planning Energy Efficiency Demand Response Fish and Wildlife The Council works to protect and enhance fish and wildlife in the Columbia River Basin. Its Fish & Wildlife Program guides project funding by the Bonneville Power Administration. 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Webinar May 2020Wed06 9:30 am—3:30 pm Resource Adequacy/System Analysis Advisory Committee May 2020TueWed12 - 13 Council Meeting May 2020Tue19 9:00 am—1:00 pm RTF Meeting: May 19, 2020 May 2020Thu21 9:30 am—11:00 am Generating Resources Adv Comm - Webinar May 2020Fri29 9:00 am—11:00 am Council executive session to discuss internal personnel matters Jun 2020Tue02 9:30 am—3:30 pm System Analysis Advisory Committee Jun 2020Fri05 10:00 am—12:00 pm RTF Policy Advisory Committee Meeting Jun 2020MonWed08 - 10 Council executive session to discuss internal personnel matters Jun 2020Mon15 3:30 pm—5:30 pm Public hearing on Revised Draft Part I of the 2020 Addendum to the 2014 Fish and Wildlife Program Jun 2020TueWed16 - 17 Council Meeting Jun 2020TueWed23 - 24 RTF Meeting: June 23, 2020 Jun 2020Tue23 1:00 pm—3:00 pm Resource Adequacy Steering Committee Jun 2020Tue30 10:00 am—12:30 pm Demand Response Advisory Committee Jul 2020TueWed14 - 15 Council Meeting Jul 2020TueWed21 - 22 RTF Meeting: July 21, 2020 Jul 2020Wed22 10:00 am—2:30 pm Resource Adequacy Tech Committee Aug 2020Wed05 9:30 am—3:30 pm System Analysis Advisory Committee Webinar Aug 2020TueWed11 - 12 Council Meeting Aug 2020Tue18 9:00 am—1:00 pm RTF Meeting: August 18, 2020 Sep 2020Wed02 9:30 am—3:30 pm System Analysis Advisory Committee Sep 2020WedThu09 - 10 RTF Meeting: September 9, 2020 Sep 2020Thu10 10:00 am—11:00 am Informal Hatchery Workgroup Meeting Sep 2020TueWed15 - 16 Council Meeting Sep 2020Fri25 9:30 am—11:00 am RTF Policy Advisory Committee Meeting Sep 2020Tue29 9:00 am—1:00 pm System Analysis Advisory Committee Sep 2020Wed30 9:30 am—12:30 pm Conservation Resources Advisory Committee Oct 2020Thu01 9:30 am—12:30 pm Power Committee Webinar Oct 2020TueWed06 - 07 RTF Meeting: October 6, 2020 Oct 2020Tue06 1:30 pm—4:00 pm Resource Adequacy - Technical Committee Oct 2020Wed07 9:00 am—12:30 pm System Analysis Advisory Committee Oct 2020MonWed12 - 14 Council Meeting Oct 2020Thu22 1:00 pm—4:00 pm System Analysis Advisory Committee Oct 2020Fri23 9:00 am—10:30 am Conservation Resources Advisory Committee Oct 2020Tue27 10:00 am—12:30 pm Demand Response Advisory Committee Nov 2020Wed04 9:30 am—12:30 pm System Analysis Advisory Committee Nov 2020Tue10 9:00 am—1:00 pm RTF Meeting: November 10, 2020 Nov 2020TueWed17 - 18 Council Meeting Nov 2020Thu19 1:00 pm—4:00 pm System Analysis Advisory Committee Nov 2020Fri20 9:00 am—12:00 pm Conservation Resources Advisory Committee Dec 2020Tue01 9:00 am—12:00 pm Resource Adequacy - Technical Committee Dec 2020Thu03 8:30 am—11:30 am Power Committee Webinar Dec 2020Tue08 9:00 am—1:00 pm RTF Meeting: December 8, 2020 Dec 2020Wed09 9:00 am—3:00 pm RTF Policy Advisory Committee Meeting 9:30 am—12:30 pm System Analysis Advisory Committee Dec 2020Fri11 9:30 am—11:30 am Resource Adequacy - Steering Committee Dec 2020TueWed15 - 16 Council Meeting Dec 2020Thu17 9:00 am—12:00 pm Conservation Resources Advisory Committee Jan 2021TueWed12 - 13 Council Meeting Jan 2021Wed20 9:00 am—1:00 pm RTF Meeting: January 20, 2021 Jan 2021Tue26 9:00 am—12:00 pm Conservation Resources Advisory Committee Jan 2021Thu28 8:30 am—11:30 am Power Committee Webinar Feb 2021TueWed09 - 10 Council Meeting Feb 2021WedThu17 - 18 RTF Meeting: February 17-18, 2021 Mar 2021TueWed09 - 10 Council Meeting Mar 2021TueWed16 - 17 RTF Meeting: March 16-17, 2021 Apr 2021TueWed06 - 07 Council Meeting Apr 2021TueWed13 - 14 RTF Meeting: April 13-14, 2021 View Council Meetings View all Meetings Reports and Documents Browse reports and documents relevant to the Council's work on fish and wildlife and energy planning, as well as administrative reports. Browse reports Reports by Topic Power Plan Fish and Wildlife Program Subbasin Plans Financial Reports Independent Scientific Advisory Board Independent Scientific Review Panel Independent Economic Analysis Board Columbia River History Project CloseBlocked Area Mitigation Reintroducing salmon and steelhead to habitat blocked by dams Share

Some hydropower dams in the Columbia River Basin block passage of anadromous fish, primarily but not exclusively salmon and steelhead, from large areas of historic spawning and rearing habitat.

It is a principle of the Northwest Power Act to protect, mitigate, and enhance fish and wildlife, including related spawning grounds and habitat, of the Columbia River and its tributaries that have been affected by dams. The Act specifically calls out the impact of dams on anadromous fish, which the Act says “are of significant importance to the social and economic well-being of the Pacific Northwest and the nation.”

The program recognizes the blocked area above Grand Coulee and Chief Joseph dams in Washington state, and also other blocked areas in the Columbia River Basin, including in the Willamette and Deschutes river basins of Oregon.

The Council has supported reintroduction of anadromous fish to blocked areas since the 2000 revision of the fish and wildlife program, recommending that reintroduction be pursued where it is determined to be feasible. Consistent with the Power Act, the Council believes that the abundance of native fish species should be restored throughout blocked areas where original habitat conditions exist or can be feasibly restored or improved.

This mitigation may include the use of resident fish, anadromous fish reintroductions, wildlife, habitat, and projects to identify or resolve data gaps. The program gives highest priority to weak, but recoverable, native fish populations identified by state and federal fish and wildlife agencies and tribes. Next in priority would be actions that investigate reintroductions of salmon and steelhead into blocked areas, where feasible, in areas where they once were present but are not today.

Reintroduction could have important economic benefits from increased fisheries and tourism. For tribes, reintroduction could restore harvest opportunities and also would have cultural and spiritual importance.

Related links:Columbia River History page on the  impacts of dams  on salmon and steelheadU.S. Entity’s  recommendation  on the future of the Columbia River Treaty, which includes the proposal to jointly investigate returning fish to the Canadian ColumbiaTopics  Fish and wildlife Tags  Blocked Area Mitigation

 

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